Python | cv2 GaussianBlur() Method

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In this tutorial, we will see how to Blurring an image in python programming language using open-cv, which exists as a cv2 (computer vision) library in python.

You can use GaussianBlur() method of cv2 library to blur an image. In order to use cv2 library, you need to import cv2 library using import statement. You can read about more about Gaussian function

The blurring of an image means smoothening of an image i.e., removing outlier pixels that may be noise in the image.

Now let’s see the syntax and return value of GaussianBlur() method, then we will move on the examples.

Syntax

Parameters

  1. src: Source/Input of n-dimensional array.
  2. ksize: Kernal is matrix of an (no. of rows)*(no. of columns) order .Its Size is given in the form of tuple (no. of rows, no. of columns). no. of rows and no. of columns should be odd .If ksize is given as (0 0), then ksize is computed from given sigma values i.e. sigmaX and sigmaY.
  3. sigmaX: Standard deviation value of kernal along horizontal direction.
  4. sigmaY: Standard deviation value of kernal along vertical direction.
  5. borderType: This specify boundaries of an image while kernel is applied on borders of an image.
  6. Possible values of borderType are :

    1. cv2.BORDER_CONSTANT
    2. cv2.BORDER_REPLICATE
    3. cv2.BORDER_REFLECT
    4. cv2.BORDER_WRAP
    5. cv2.BORDER_REFLECT_101
    6. cv2.BORDER_TRANSPARENT
    7. cv2.BORDER_REFLECT101
    8. cv2.BORDER_DEFAULT
    9. cv2.BORDER_ISOLATED

Return Value

It returns Output blurred image of n-dimensional array.

a) In GaussianBlur() method, you need to pass src and ksize values everytime and either one, two, or all parameters value from remaining sigmax, sigmaY and borderType parameter should be passed.

b) Both sigmaX and sigmaY parameters become optional if you mention the ksize(kernal size) value other than (0,0).

cv2 GaussianBlur() Method example

Now Let’s see the Python code :

Example 1: Using GaussianBlur() method with src, ksize and borderType parameters.

Output :
Output1

Example 2: Using GaussianBlur() method with src, ksize and sigmaX parameters.

Output :
Output2

You may similarly change the values of other properties and observe the outputs.
That’s all about cv2 GaussianBlur() Method in Python.

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