# Convert Hex to bytes in Python

💡 Outline
You can use codecs’s decode() function to convert Hex to bytes in python. This method works for Python 2.x and Python 3.x
Here is an example:

In the world of programming, there are many conversions of data types that programmers have to perform that best suit their problem statements. One of these conversions is Hex to Bytes. The hexadecimal number is one such number system that is highly used in storing memory addresses, IP addresses, and more. And bytes is a binary serialization format that is represented by an 8-bit integer sequence. Bytes are fit for storing the system data as well as send it across the internet.

Hexadecimal values have a base of 16. To make a hexadecimal value, numbers from `0` to `9` and characters from `a` to `e` are used. Whereas, bytes on the other hand are represented by using the letter `b` as a prefix to any string in Python.

This tutorial will demonstrate some methods to convert hex to bytes in Python.

In this tutorial, we first start by creating a hexadecimal value of a string value which we will use in all the methods.

We will use the `binascii` module for doing this. The `binascii` module in Python provides the user with methods and functions for performing binary and ASCII operations in python. In the module, there is function called `hexlify()` function that is used to represent the hexadecimal form of any binary data. The resultant hexadecimal string is twice as long as the length of the input data.

The string that we will use in all the methods in this tutorial is `Hello World`. Now let’s see what is the Hexadecimal value of this string

Output:

Hexadecimal Value of the string: 48656c6c6f20576f726c64

Now that we have found the hexadecimal value of the string, we will see some methods to convert this Hexadecimal value to Bytes in Python.

## Use `codecs.decode()` function to Convert Hexadecimal value to Byte in Python

This method works for both python 2.x and 3.x versions. You need to import `codecs` module for using this function.

Syntax

`codecs`‘s `decode()` functions takes object and encoding as input and decodes the object into specified encoding.

Since we need to convert hex String to bytes here, we need to pass encoding as `hex_decode`

Here is an example:

Output:

b’Hello World’

## Use `bytes.fromhex()` function to Convert Hexadecimal value to Byte in Python

The `fromHex()` is a class method that creates `bytes` as an object from a hexadecimal string. For two hexadecimal strings, one byte is given in this method.

Example:

Output:

Byte form of the string= b’Hello World’

Note that, we have used the same hexadecimal string which we created in the starting.

## Use the `binascii` Module to Convert Hexadecimal value to Byte in Python

In Python’s `binascii` module, there is a function called the `unhexlify()` function that is used in this method. This function helps in converting a hexadecimal string value into its byte form. We use the hexadecimal string as an argument of the function to convert it into bytes.

Example:

Output:

Byte form of the string: b’Hello World’

Here also, note that we have used the same hexadecimal string which we created in the starting.

That’s all about hex to bytes in Python.

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